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The vice of gambling turns into a virtue as soon that it raises revenue for the state. Faced with a dazzling amount of wealth showcased by religious, economic and political leaders alike, young and unemployed men increasingly put their hopes on gambling.
Trying to imitate what they perceive as a magical shortcut to unimaginable wealth, so the story goes, they become foolish puppets of a global capitalist system they often know little about and have to face the dire consequences of their foolish behaviour. After spending several months with gamblers both in rural as well as urban Kenya, I can only conclude that this story fails to portray reality in its complexity. While it is undeniable that some gamblers attempt to imitate the acquisition of a form of wealth that they perceive as resulting from a quick-to-riches scheme, a considerable number of Kenyan gamblers do not.
In contrast, they portray and enact gambling as a legitimate and transparent attempt to make ends meet in an economy that does not offer them any other stable employment or income. They see betting as a form of work they can engage in without being connected to the national political or economic middle class or elite — that is, without trying to enter into opaque relationships characterised by inequality.
In other words, I suggest to interpret gambling as directed against what gamblers perceive as a nepotistic and kleptocratic state capitalism — an economy in which wealth is not based upon merit but upon social relations and where profit and losses are distributed in a non-transparent way through corruption, inheritance and theft.
Before I substantiate this assumption, let me briefly offer some background information on the boom of sports betting in Kenya which can only be understood if one takes into account the rise of mobile money. The mobile money transfer service Mpesa was introduced in and has since changed the lives of millions of Kenyans. Accessible with any mobile phone, customers can use it to store and withdraw money from Mpesa agents all over the country, send money to friends and family members as well as pay for goods and services.
A whole industry of lending and saving apps and sports betting companies has evolved around this new financial infrastructure. Many, and especially young, male Kenyans, indeed bet regularly. Both journalistic and academic work that understand these activities as irresponsible and addictive had previously primed my perception. Hence I was surprised by how gamblers frame their betting activities as based upon knowledge and by how they enacted gambling as a domestic, reproductive activity that demands careful planning.
They consider betting as a meticulously executed form of work whose attraction partly results from its detachment from and even opposition to Kenyan politics. In this context, it is of imminent importance that almost all gamblers avoid betting on Kenyan football games as they believe they are rigged and implicated in local politics. Two of my ethnographic observations can illustrate and substantiate this claim, the first being a result of paying close attention to the ways gamblers speak and the second one a result of observing how they act.
Spending my days with gamblers, I realised that they use words that are borrowed from the semantic sphere of cooking and general well-being when they talk about betting in their mother tongue Dholuo. This interpenetration of two spheres that are kept apart or considered to be mutually exclusive in many descriptions of gambling practices sparked my interest and I began to wonder what these semantic overlaps mean for a wider understanding of the relation between gambling and the ways in which young, mostly male Kenyans try to make ends meet in their daily lives.
Daniel Okech, a year-old Master of Business Administration worked on a tight schedule. When he did not have to attend a university class during the mornings, which he considered not very promising anyway, with his many well-educated but unemployed friends in mind, he worked through websites that offered detailed statistical data on the current and past performances of football teams and players.
These ranged from the English Premier League to the third football league of Finland. Despite the fact that betting is based upon knowledge, habitual adaptations and skills, it rarely leads to a stable income.
With regard to the effects it has, betting appears to be almost as bad as any other job and Daniel does not miscalculate the statistical probabilities of football bets. He knows that multi-bets of fifteen or more bets combined rarely go through and that winning such a bet remains extraordinarily improbable. For young men in Nairobi, one could argue, betting on football games is what planting maize is for older women in arid areas of Western Kenya during the era of global climate change: an activity perfected by years of practice and backed up by knowledge, but still highly dependent on external and uncontrollable factors.
It is rather one of the few ways in which they can control the conditions of their type of work and daily work routine while at the same time accepting, and to a certain extent even taming, the uncontrollability and volatility of the world surrounding them. Job Summary Our client that deals with auto care and manufacturing is looking to fill the position of Production Manager. Job description operations manager job, latest accounting jobs , position: operations manager reporting to: chief executive officer responsibilities leadership and guidance on the branch operations What is the role?
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Do not give them any chance There are also certain services that are popular with customers and will determine whether they become regulars with a particular bookmaker. These include live betting, live streaming, cash-back, cash-out, jackpot competitions, boosted odds, and reliable customer support.
Increased mobile connectivity in Kenya and Africa as a whole is one of the main drivers behind the growth of betting. Many betting customers access betting services through their mobile phones. Mobile betting apps have therefore become a popular platform for customers to access betting services. BTA has a mobile apps review page where they evaluate the performance of mobile app offers from various bookmakers.
In general, customers want a smooth functioning mobile app that loads fast and is easy to navigate. They also want to access all essential betting features and services through their mobile app. The 1XBet mobile app is one of the top rated in Kenya. Your number one source for all gossip and the juiciest stories in Kenya, East Africa and across the world. Sign in. Log into your account.
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